Byzantium was everywhere in the old city: turning a corner, encircling the living space, marking the natural landscape, delimiting a garden, looming over a cemetery, chanelling the movement of people, separating land from the sea, lying under children’s feet. Artamonoff captured Byzantine remains from the vantage point of people who interacted with them on a day-to-day basis. The documentary value of his photographs for the study of Byzantine Istanbul is ever increasing given the rapid deterioration, unscientific restoration, and agressive destruction of its cultural heritage.